古玩城2021精品推荐第二期:百年古藏瓷器瓶一对

近两年,在“清三代”瓷器相继拍出天价后,市场开始寻找新的突破口,很多收藏爱好者将目光落在了时代相去不远的民国瓷器上,瞬间颠覆了“越老价值越大”的市场说法。

In the past two years, after the "three dynasties of Qing Dynasty" porcelain was sold at high prices one after another, the market began to look for a new breakthrough. Many collectors set their eyes on the porcelain of the Republic of China, which is not far away from the times, and instantly overturned the market saying that "the older the age, the greater the value".

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从这种转变来看,藏家变得更理性,不再钟情“五大名窑”,追逐元明青花,退而求其次,将收藏行为锁定距今只有百年的文化领域中,避其热点,开始投资冷门。

From this change, collectors became more rational, no longer in love with the "five famous kilns", chasing blue and white of the yuan and Ming Dynasties, and taking second place. They locked their collection behavior in the cultural field only a hundred years ago, avoided the hot spots and began to invest in the cold.

 

研究近代史不难发现,民国时期极具有时代特色,这注定了存市藏品饱含文化内涵,为未来定下了收藏有潜力的基调。

It is not difficult to find that the period of the Republic of China has the characteristics of the times, which means that the market collections are full of cultural connotation and set the tone of potential collection for the future.

 

民国时期指的是1911年至1949年这一时期,当时社会动荡,内忧外患,战乱不断,致使中国瓷业萧条衰落,正因此,一批为官制瓷的匠人流入民间,点燃了之后的民瓷复兴之火。

The period of the Republic of China refers to the period from 1911 to 1949. At that time, social unrest, domestic and foreign troubles, and constant wars led to the depression and decline of China's porcelain industry. Therefore, a group of craftsmen who made official porcelain entered the folk and ignited the fire of the revival of folk porcelain.

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新粉彩瓷、浅绛彩瓷便是这一期间创烧的独具特色的新瓷。拿新粉彩瓷来说,与传统粉彩相比,无论是在造型、线条上,还是在光泽、色彩上,都吸收了近代画的营养,作品色彩浓艳,更符合大众的欣赏水平。

New powder color porcelain and light crimson color porcelain are the unique new porcelain created during this period. Take the new pastel porcelain as an example. Compared with the traditional pastel porcelain, the new pastel porcelain has absorbed the nutrition of modern painting in terms of shape, line, luster and color. The color of the new pastel porcelain is rich and colorful, which is more in line with the appreciation level of the public.

 

与新粉彩瓷不同,浅绛彩瓷更可谓民国瓷器的典范。在当时染料不足的情况下,以“珠山八友”为代表的一批画家,为瓷作画,水墨勾勒,淡赭石渲染,低温烧制,使其瓷上纹饰近似于浅绛画。特殊的历史背景创造了这一独特的时代产物,为后来留下了一批文化遗产。

Different from the new powder colored porcelain, the light crimson colored porcelain is a model of the porcelain of the Republic of China. In the absence of dyes at that time, a group of painters represented by "eight friends of Zhushan" painted porcelain with ink, light ochre and low-temperature firing, which made the decorative patterns on porcelain similar to those of light magenta. The special historical background created this unique product of the times and left behind a number of cultural heritages.

 

更值一提的是,民国时期也有御用瓷。1916年袁世凯称帝后,烧制了一批以水彩和粉彩为主的御用瓷器,常打有“居仁堂”款和“洪宪年制”款,工艺水准完全达到清王朝官窑的水平,业内称之为“瓷业衰退中的奇葩”。

What's more, there were Royal Porcelain in the period of the Republic of China. After Yuan Shikai became emperor in 1916, he fired a batch of Royal porcelains mainly in watercolor and pastel, which were often marked with "Ju Ren Tang" and "Hong Xian Nian system". The craftsmanship level completely reached the level of official kilns of the Qing Dynasty, which was called "a wonderful flower in the decline of porcelain industry" in the industry.

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民国瓷器日渐升温是近些年的事儿,尤其是浅绛彩瓷和民国新粉彩瓷,都是业内外众多投资者关注的对象。

In recent years, the porcelain of the Republic of China is becoming more and more popular, especially the light crimson color porcelain and the new powder color porcelain of the Republic of China, which are the focus of many investors both inside and outside the industry.

 

对于民国瓷身价的快速上涨,瓷器收藏专家任学明深有体会。他表示,由于民国瓷器兴起晚,早些年一些品相好、做工精美的瓷器只有千元左右,罕见的珍品也没超过万元。而如今,价格已不知翻涨了多少倍。

Ren Xueming, an expert in porcelain collection, has a deep understanding of the rapid rise in the value of porcelain in the Republic of China. He said that due to the late rise of porcelain in the Republic of China, in the early years, some porcelain with good taste and exquisite workmanship was only about 1000 yuan, and rare treasures were no more than 10000 yuan. Now, the price has gone up many times.

 

民国瓷的文物等级和经济价值虽说都不算高,但却具有特殊的历史价值、文化价值。随着时间推移,民国瓷的投资价值可能会越来越高。

Although the level of cultural relics and economic value of porcelain in the Republic of China are not high, they have special historical and cultural value. As time goes on, the investment value of porcelain of the Republic of China may be higher and higher.

 

从民国时期开始,陶瓷创作者开始在作品上署名,因此创作者的思想体现得更加浓烈,作品个人色彩更为鲜明。不仅画片题材易于被接受,人物清晰的神态、淡雅的色泽也更接近现代人的审美观念,加之民国时期不稳定的社会环境大大影响了手工艺品的发展,所以精品瓷器多出于民国初期,且数量不多。

From the period of the Republic of China, ceramic creators began to sign their names on their works, so their thoughts were more intense and their works were more distinctive. Not only is the subject matter easy to be accepted, but the clear look and elegant color of the characters are closer to the aesthetic concept of modern people. In addition, the unstable social environment during the period of the Republic of China greatly affected the development of handicrafts. Therefore, most of the fine porcelain came from the early period of the Republic of China, and the quantity is small.

 

价值处于低谷,这是藏友们普遍认可的观点。有资深收藏家回忆,最早文物商店最便宜的就是浅绛彩瓷,三五百一件,能买很多。随后浅绛瓷也开始逐渐升温,每件涨至千元或数千元,价格一直上涨至今,基本每年都有20%的涨幅。

The value is at a low point, which is generally accepted by Tibetan friends. Some senior collectors recall that the cheapest thing in the earliest cultural relic store was the light magenta colored porcelain, 351 pieces, which can buy a lot. Afterwards, the light crimson porcelain began to heat up gradually, and the price of each piece rose to 1000 yuan or several thousand yuan. The price has been rising up to now, with a 20% increase every year.

 

民国瓷器之所以被看好,是因为无论从烧造技术上,还是图案设计、绘画技法上,都不亚于清晚期的官窑瓷器。另外,民国瓷器一些精品大多仿清三代官窑瓷器,不少流至海外,很多博物馆都把这些瓷器看作清三代的官窑,加之民国瓷器距今也有百年历史,不少完全可以和清三代官窑瓷媲美,这也无意中抬高了民国瓷的档次和身价。

The reason why the porcelain of the Republic of China is favored is that it is not inferior to the official porcelain of the late Qing Dynasty in terms of firing technology, pattern design and painting techniques. In addition, most of the porcelain products of the Republic of China are imitated from the official kilns of the three dynasties of the Qing Dynasty, and many of them have gone abroad. Many museums regard these porcelains as official kilns of the three dynasties of the Qing Dynasty. In addition, the porcelain of the Republic of China has a history of 100 years, and many of them can compete with the official kilns of the three dynasties of the Qing Dynasty, which unintentionally raises the grade and value of the porcelain of the Republic of China.

 

 

 

 

 

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