古玩城2021精品推荐第二期:长命富贵锁

长命富贵锁是中国传统习俗的吉祥物,它有保平安,长命百岁的寓意。

The lock of longevity, wealth and honor is the mascot of Chinese traditional customs. It has the meaning of safety and longevity.

2021-07-15 10:40:57.054000

长命富贵锁呈古锁状,上镌有“长命富贵”字样,对于五行缺土的小孩,家长会专门为他准备木质锁,而不是常见的玉、金、银等材质的锁。它是挂在儿童脖子上的一种装饰物,按照传统习俗的说法,只要挂上这种饰物,就能帮小孩祛灾去邪,“锁”住生命,所以很多儿童从出生不久就挂上这种饰品,也有在新生儿满百日或者周岁的仪式中挂长命锁,一直挂到成年。

The lock is shaped like an ancient lock, engraved with the word "long life, rich and noble". For children who lack soil in the five elements, parents will prepare wooden locks for them, rather than common locks made of jade, gold and silver. It is a kind of ornament hanging on children's necks. According to the traditional custom, as long as this kind of ornament is hung, it can help children get rid of disasters and evils, and "lock" their lives. Therefore, many children hang this kind of ornament soon after they are born, and also hang long-life locks in the ceremony when the newborn is one hundred days old or one year old until they reach adulthood.

长命锁也叫"寄名锁"。长命锁是明清时挂在儿童脖子上的一种装饰物,按照迷信的说法,只要佩挂上这种饰物,就能辟灾去邪,"锁"住生命,所以许多儿童从出生不久起,就挂上长命锁,一直挂到成年。

Long life lock is also called "send name lock". Long life lock is a kind of decoration hanging on children's neck in Ming and Qing Dynasties. According to superstition, if you wear this ornament, you can eliminate disasters and evil, and "lock" life. So many children hang long life locks from birth to adulthood.

长命锁是中国传统的吉祥物。长命锁的前身为长命缕,由汉代朱索演变而来,民间用来祈求孩子健康成长、长命百岁,在全国各地都很流行。长命锁的材质有金、银、铜、玉等,造型通常为如意形、元宝形、锁形,装饰题材有神话故事、花鸟虫兽、吉祥祝福等,为手工制作而成。

Longevity lock is a traditional Chinese mascot. Long life lock, formerly known as long life thread, evolved from Zhusuo in the Han Dynasty. It is used by the people to pray for the healthy growth of children and long life. It is very popular all over the country. Long life locks are made of gold, silver, copper and jade. They are usually in the shape of Ruyi, Yuanbao and lock. The decorative themes include fairy tales, flowers, birds, insects and animals, and auspicious blessings. They are handmade.

 

长命锁迎合了传统中国人最世俗的心理需求:长命富贵、吉祥如意、多子多福等,是典型的中国传统文化的产物。

Long life lock caters to the most secular psychological needs of traditional Chinese people: long life and wealth, good luck, many children and many blessings, etc. it is a typical product of traditional Chinese culture.

 

作为中国独有的吉祥饰物,长命锁也颇有收藏价值。与瓷器、玉器以及书画等收藏大热门相比,收藏长命锁显得有些偏门。但其近年来强劲的价格走势,以及本身独有的吉祥色彩,使得长命锁收藏逐渐为藏家们所接受,收藏热度在不断升高。收藏长命锁,把玩的是中国独有的吉祥文化。北京的高和林先生特别痴迷长命锁收藏,早在2010年高和林就已经收集到了近400余把锁片,成为国内长命锁收藏的“第一人”。

As a unique mascot in China, the long-life lock is also of great value. Compared with the collection of porcelain, jade and painting, the collection of long-life locks seems to be a bit of a partial door. But its strong price trend in recent years, as well as its own unique auspicious color, make the collection of long-life lock gradually accepted by the collectors, the collection heat is increasing. Collection of long-life locks, play with the unique auspicious culture of China. Mr. Gao Helin in Beijing is particularly obsessed with the collection of long-life locks. As early as 2010, He Lin has collected more than 400 locking pieces, becoming the "first person" in the collection of long-life locks in China.

 

随着社会的发展,长命锁的设计愈发现代化,古老的长命锁被赋予更多的意义。北京奥组委在2008奥运年发行了30000枚“奥运宝宝长命锁”,将我国极具传统特色的长命锁造型与奥运元素首次完美结合。据悉,编号为0808的奥运宝宝长命锁,在国际拍卖会上以39万元天价成交。现代银饰长命锁尚且能达到如此高的价格,一些珍贵的古老长命锁自然价值更高。

With the development of society, the design of longevity lock is more and more modern, and the ancient longevity lock is given more significance. In 2008, BOCOG issued 30000 pieces of "Olympic baby long life locks", which perfectly combined China's traditional long life locks with Olympic elements for the first time. It is reported that the No. 0808 Olympic baby longevity lock was sold at an international auction at a sky high price of 390000 yuan. Modern silver long life locks can still reach such a high price, some precious ancient long life locks have higher natural value.

 

这件银制长命富贵锁挂件,长命富贵锁 一面刻的龙 一面刻有文华二字,藏品做工精美,表达了人们对幼儿生命长久、幸福吉祥的美好祝愿。背面刻祥龙吉祥图案。品相完好,包浆饱满,无裂无漏,是难得收藏和把玩佳品。

This silver lock pendant is carved with dragon on one side and Mandarin on the other. The exquisite workmanship of the collection expresses people's good wishes for children's long life and happiness. The back is carved with auspicious dragon patterns. Good appearance, full pulp, no crack, no leakage, is a rare collection and play.

 

千百年来,长命锁作为一种吉祥信物,带给了人们精神上的庇佑与慰藉,今天,它更是超越了人们祈望上天来保佑子孙的本意,已成为中华民族传统文化中的"祈福"精神的体现。长命锁之所以能流行千年而受到人们的追捧,主要是其具有“吉祥如意”、“常命百岁”、“聪明伶俐”、“避祸驱邪”等寓意,并被人们赋予了平安富贵的概念,是长辈美好愿望的浓缩。

For thousands of years, as a kind of auspicious relic, long life lock has brought people spiritual protection and comfort. Today, it has surpassed the original intention of people praying for heaven to bless the future, and has become the embodiment of the spirit of "praying for blessings" in the traditional Chinese culture. The reason why long life lock can be popular for thousands of years is mainly because it has the meanings of "lucky and happy", "often life is 100 years old", "smart", "avoiding evil and driving evil", and has been given the concept of peace and wealth, which is the concentration of the good wishes of the elders.

 

“长命锁”从造型到装饰都富于巧思,给人感受得最多的却是一种超越“长命百岁”具体形式的人生理想的生命情怀。中国人通过生命历程的经验,经过干锤百炼、精雕细琢,把最重要、最美好的祝福凝固在“长命锁”上,并怀着无比虔诚的心情把“长命锁”佩戴到孩子身上。佩戴和收藏长命锁的传统,在今天甚至未来依然会有它独特的市场。

"Long life lock" is full of ingenious thinking from modeling to decoration, but what gives people the most feeling is a kind of life feelings beyond the concrete form of "long life". Through the experience of the life course, the Chinese people, after a lot of hard work and careful carving, solidify the most important and best wishes on the "longevity lock", and wear the "longevity lock" on their children with incomparable piety. The tradition of wearing and collecting long life locks will still have its unique market today and even in the future.

 

银饰藏品是收藏市场上不得不说的品种,近年来一直呈稳中看涨的态势,除了银饰本身的贵金属属性,保值程度相对较高,同时也因它的艺术性和古玩价值,集投资玩赏于一身,获得了众多藏家及投资者的青睐。其中,银饰长命锁因流行广泛,存世量大,造型图案丰富,工艺精湛细腻,广受玩家的追捧,是备受欢迎的民间艺术品。

Silver collection is a kind of collection that has to be said in the collection market. In recent years, it has been rising steadily. In addition to the precious metal property of silver itself, the degree of preservation of value is relatively high. At the same time, because of its artistry and antique value, it integrates investment and appreciation, and has won the favor of many collectors and investors. Among them, the silver long-life lock is widely popular, large-scale, rich in modeling patterns, exquisite technology, widely sought after by players, is a popular folk art.

 

银质长命锁在长命锁藏品中占有重要分量,虽然银质长命锁价格相对金、玉、珊瑚等材质的长命锁低,但是银质长命锁加工工序复杂,包括砸锁、铸条、雕花錾刻等等,全面掌握这些制作技艺的艺人已是非常稀少,所以银质长命锁也是属于‘高大上’的藏品。像藏品这样的长命锁,不仅要在银上下功夫,还要在玉上琢磨,着实是不易得到的精品。

Silver long life locks play an important role in the collection of long life locks. Although the price of silver long life locks is lower than that of gold, jade, coral and other long life locks, the processing of silver long life locks is complicated, including smashing locks, casting bars, carving and so on. There are very few artists who have a comprehensive grasp of these production techniques, so silver long life locks belong to the "tall" collection. Long life locks such as collections need to be polished not only on silver, but also on jade. They are really hard to get.

 

 

 

 

 

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