精品推荐:玉带钩

【藏品名称】:玉带钩

[collection name]: jade belt hook

【藏品数量】:一件

[collection quantity]: one piece

【藏品简介】:玉带钩又称龙钩,它是腰带上的钩,因钩端常以龙头造型,故又称龙钩。其实除了龙首形外,还有鸟首形或其他兽首形。玉质带钩始于战国时期,它是人们用在腰带上的饰品,起扣拢腰带的作用,故名带钩,带钩有以铜、铁、玉等多种材料制成,带钩古时又名“师比”。玉为青白色,局部有褐色纹。兽首,象螭首,钩面向上凸起。

[collection introduction]: jade belt hook is also called Dragon hook. It is a hook on the belt. Because the end of the hook is often shaped like a faucet, it is also called Dragon hook. In fact, in addition to the dragon head, there are also bird heads or other animal heads. Jade belt hook began in the Warring States period. It is an ornament used on people's belt and plays the role of fastening the belt. Therefore, it is called belt hook. The belt hook is made of copper, iron, jade and other materials. It is also known as "Shibi" in ancient times. Jade is bluish white, with brown lines in some parts. The head of a beast is like the head of a dog, and the hook is raised upward.

 

明清时期玉带钩风靡于世,现存数量稀少。它一端的兽首装饰以龙首居多,有的在钩背上再琢一小龙,谓之螭(古有龙九子螭居其一之说),昂首与大龙首相对,毛发毕现,四足凌空,双尾神采奕奕,故谓之双龙钩。历史上玉龙钩的流行主要在两个时期:一是战国至汉代;二是元、明、清时期,明代玉龙钩的特征龙首小而扁长,龙的双角表现不清。龙首的眉毛上扬,相向弯转呈勾云纹;眉额隆起,有重眉压眼之感;龙首的吻部用阴刻线条表现唇和上下的排牙;龙嘴侧横钻一对穿孔,以示空腔;龙无鬓而有发较粗,发有两撮、三撮之分,且有长有短,长者可披肩。

During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, jade belt hooks were popular all over the world, and there are few existing ones. The head of the beast at one end of the hook is mostly decorated with a dragon head. Some carve a small dragon on the back of the hook, which is called a dragon (there was a saying that the nine sons of the Dragon lived in one of them in ancient times). The head is held high opposite the head of the big dragon, the hair is seen, the four feet are in the air, and the two tails are in high spirits, so it is called a double dragon hook. In history, the jade dragon hook was popular in two periods: one was from the Warring States period to the Han Dynasty; Second, in the yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, the jade dragon hook in the Ming Dynasty was characterized by a small, flat and long dragon head, and the double horns of the dragon were not clearly displayed. The eyebrows of the dragon's head rise and turn to each other in a hook cloud pattern; Eyebrow forehead bulge, with the feeling of heavy eyebrow pressing eyes; The snout of the dragon's head shows the lips and upper and lower rows of teeth with Yin engraved lines; A pair of perforations are drilled horizontally at the dragon mouth side to show the cavity; The dragon has thick hair without temples. There are two or three strands of hair, and they are long and short. The elderly can wear a shawl.

 

龙钩的钩背上琢的皆系螭,有作伏地状的浮雕,也有螭身腾起其口含灵芝,方首单尾,但尾后部左右   卷曲分离。螭身细呈弧形,曲线流畅,偎依贴附在大龙身上,用深雕技法。其龙首与螭之间的间距较大。元代龙钩的形较宽,似琵琶形,钩钮作成长方形环孔或琢成锤形钮,且贴近尾部,而本件藏品为明代玉带钩,其玉质温润,制作工艺考究,实属传世珍品

On the back of the Dragon hook, there are carved dragons, some of which are in the shape of crouching on the ground, and some of which are lifted up. Their mouth contains Ganoderma lucidum, with a square head and a single tail, but the rear of the tail is left and right    Curl separation. The body is thin, curved and smooth. It nestles and sticks to the dragon and uses the deep carving technique. The distance between the dragon head and the dragon head is large. The shape of the Dragon hook in the Yuan Dynasty is wide, like the shape of a lute. The hook button is made into a rectangular ring hole or a hammer button, and close to the tail. This collection is a jade belt hook in the Ming Dynasty. Its jade is warm and moist, and its manufacturing technology is exquisite. It is really a handed down treasure